THE NATURE OF THE SERRA CALDERONA
The Calderona is a great natural space within the metropolitan area of the city of Valencia. It has always been an area visited by the surrounding villages and the city, looking at her natural character and the corners of his sources, along with forests of pines and oaks. Your space, with the human trace crop fields carob and olive trees more than centenarians, with dry stone constructions, margins, houses, catxerulos, mills, ponds, livestock pens and also historical and monumental wealth Artistic castles, towers, stately homes, churches, town houses and monasteries Portaceli, Vall de Crist and Holy Spirit, do everything that a rich potential for tourism promotion this beautiful natural setting so close to the city of Valencia.
The summit of Gorgo (907 m). Gátova.
The first step to protect this mountain-order in the Valencian Parliament in 1991 – became final on January 16, 2002, when the Government of the Generalitat Valenciana declared natural park, after years of pressure to get it by the entities civic stakeholders, including the Institute for Regional Studies of the Camp de Turia, who came calling for the protection of the natural environment from the moment of its creation.
In 1992 was created in Olocau the Documentation Centre of the Serra Calderona, organized by the Section of Ecology Institute for Regional Studies of the Camp de Turia and the City Council of the City of Olocau. Also performed every year a crossing of the Sierra to discover and study the most interesting corners saves and also a Study Days of the Sierra, where different specialists present their work around the Calderona Mountains.
In 1977, a group of olocauins Olocau created The Collective, starting to work with children of Olocau the educational tours and trails to discover them all natural, geological, historical and landscape of our land. In these walks and camping, we nombrábamos meetings, we begin to discover that you had to protect the inhabitants saw the future could enjoy it as we did. For all that, prompt actions and documents by getting it declared a natural park.
Now, part of Olocau term is included in this nature and we who live in this space, we must work to protect, as the mountains with pine forests, macollades of carob and olive groves, with all its variety of plants and wildlife, makes these lands scenic and enjoyable space to live and is one of the sources or resources we have for the economic, cultural and social development of our villa.
Olocauinas Mountains consist mainly of a reddish earth which we name pine, dwarf and are known as red or yellow sandstone and are renowned Buntsandstein outcrops. Is the name that geologists put on this kind of land, who first studied in a village in Germany. The remaining lands are calcareous, better known as Muschelkarlk calars and dolomites, which are the highest peaks that crown. Finally, we have the flat that open to Liria and Bétera, which are composed of sandy clay soils ocher, with a paved hill topped by Quaternary deposits with limestone pebbles and boulders and red clay.
The area northeast of the term is very mountainous. Highlights: maximum elevation as the Collado del Topero (711m), other peaks identified are: the Cave Rocks of Pedralbilla Blai or (688 m), the Solana (571 m), the Rodeno of Cantal (564 m) and the Rock of Ali-Maimó (430 m) makes caseriu backdrop of the village. Other peaks that protect the valley where the town is located are the strut or Pelarda Sidre (507 m); Strut Old Cemetery (439 m), Rock of the Aigualeig (449 m); Strut Llops (423 m) , La Sella (386 m), the Portitxol (376 m) and Red Penyeta (407 m). The situation of the town of Olocau, within this circle of mountains, a cause, has given rise to the saying: “In Olocau all are holes” also a song that describes the three towns of the Valley:
In Olocau all are holes,
Marines and all are figs,
Gátova and put the pot,
for fourteen or fifteen days. “(Liria)
The term plains are the result of the contribution of Carraixet ravine that has been accumulated over time. They consist of sediments consisting of gravel, sand or soil, clays and conglomerates roughly argamasados. It is also the ravine and contributions which have formed alluvial plains that are in the Valley.
The main plains are the apricot, Marco, Sanxis, the Bureau, the Gumarsal, the Olivar del Conde, the Huerta Nueva, Arenal, La Place and La Torre.
The Peña Negra. the Alcalá.