Farming

Our town has always been an agricultural town. As we can see throughout the historical times, our people have always cultivated the fields around the village. In some periods, everything that was cultivated was destined to eat of the own inhabitants. This type of agriculture is called subsistence agriculture.

As people progressed in culture and work tools, another type of agriculture, the commercial one, grew, with which surpluses were sold and served to buy other things that people did not produce. Most of Olocau’s cash crops have so far been and were dryland products. Only near the ravine and taking advantage of its waters there was irrigation. The dominant crops of the rainfed have been: the strains that produced the wine, carob, olivera, fig, almond and other fruit trees.

 

La Rotxa del Campillo . Dry almond and carob trees

 

 

 

Nevertheless, from the 1970s and with the arrival of the Canal Grande del Turia and the opening of new wells, irrigation, with the cultivation of orange trees, is the main agricultural production of our term.

Land distribution in 1995 was as follows: Forest use (2,101 ha), 56% of the municipality; Citrus crops (324 ha), carob trees (305 ha), olive trees (163 ha) and almond trees (74 ha). Irrigation has grown from 35 ha to 369 ha.

 

Catxirulo o barraca de vinya. Collau Cutxara